Multispeciality Hospital & Dialysis Centre
276, Crystal Plaza, Central Bazar Road, Ramdaspeth, Nagpur-440010
0712-2452105 / 0712-2461479
What is Cancer?
Cancer is a group of more than 100 different diseases. Cancer occurs when cells become abnormal and keep dividing and keep forming more cells without control or order. All body organs are made up of cells which divide to produce more cells when needed. If these cells divide when new cells are not needed, they form a mass of excess tissue, called tumor. Tumors can be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer). These cells can invade and damage nearby tissue and organs. When this tumor spreads through blood stream or lymphatic system to form new tumor in other part of the body, it is called metastasis.
What are the signs and symptoms of cancer?
The most common warning signs of cancer are,
• Change in bowel or bladder habits.
• A sore that does not heal.
• Unusual bleeding or discharge.
• Thickening or lump in the breast or ant other part of the region.
• Indigestion or difficulty swallowing.
• Obvious change in wart or mole.
• Nagging cough or hoarseness in voice
What are the treatments available?
1) Surgery
2) Radiation therapy
3) Chemotherapy
4) Hormone therapy
5) Biological therapy.
The doctor may use one method or a combination of methods. The choice of treatment depends on the type and location of the cancer, whether the disease spread, of the patient’s age and general health and other factors
Types of Cancer
• AIDS-related Lymphoma
• Bladder Cancer
• Brain Tumors
• Breast Cancer
• Cervical Cancer
• Colorectal Cancer
• Endometrial Cancer
• Esophageal Cancer
• Head and Neck Cancers
• Hodgkin’s Disease
• Kidney Cancer
• Leukemia
• Liver Cancer
• Lung Cancer
• Melanoma
• Male Breast Cancer
• Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
• Oral Cancer
• Ovarian Cancer
• Pancreatic Cancer
• Prostate Cancer
• Skin Cancer
• Stomach Cancer
• Testicular Cancer
• Thyroid Cancer
• Uterine Cancer
• Vaginal Cancer
• Vulvar Cancer
Can cancer be prevented?
Cancer can be prevented by using following measures,
• Not using tobacco products.
• Avoiding harmful rays of the sun.
• Taking foods with less fat and more fibre
• Regular checkups and self examination
What is chronic kidney disease?
Chronic kidney disease is permanent kidney damage due to injury or disease. CKD ranges from mild to severe. If CKD reaches the point of kidney failure, dialysis or a kidney transplant is needed to support life. Since CKD may worsen over time, early diagnosis and treatment can help slow down the damage, depending on the cause of the problem. If your doctor says you have a kidney problem, find out the medical name (and spelling) for your diagnosis, if you can. Knowing the name can help you look for more information.
How long can I live with chronic kidney disease?
Many people think that if their kidneys fail, they will die immediately. This used to be true 40 years ago when there were not enough dialysis machines to go around and medical knowledge about kidney disease was limited. It is no longer true today. How long you can live with CKD depends on your age, other health problems, and how involved you become in your care. Some people with early CKD never have kidney failure. Others reach kidney failure and live for decades with dialysis or kidney transplants. There are major advances in today's healthcare—we have better drugs, know more about how to slow down kidney failure, and have technically advanced dialysis machines. But the most important factor is still the individual who has the disease. Research shows that patients who become partners in their care live longer. So, ask questions, and explore with your doctor and care team the best way for you to help manage your disease
How good will my life be with CKD?
How good your life can be with CKD depends on you! In the early stages, CKD may have symptoms that are so subtle you don't even notice them. In later stages, fatigue, itching, loss of appetite, and other symptoms can reduce your quality of life—if you don't act. How? All of these symptoms can be treated. Learn what to watch for and tell your doctor, so you can get the help you need. You can also keep a good quality of life by following your treatment plan. For example, taking your medications in the right doses at the right times may help slow down your kidney disease. Your quality of life with CKD depends on your attitude, and how you accept the changes and take control of your health and your life.
Can I still have a good life if I need dialysis?
Yes, you can live long and live well with dialysis. Many people—even those with family members on dialysis—don't know that there are several types of dialysis. You can choose a type of treatment that lets you keep doing all or most of the things you value. Some people with CKD put off dialysis as long as they can, because they are afraid. But people who start treatment before they are terribly ill and malnourished do much better. And people who are very sick before they start dialysis are often surprised to find that they feel much better a few weeks or months after starting dialysis. The unknown that you imagine is often much scarier than the reality. Learning as much as you can, and talking to patients who are doing well, will help you see that you can have a good life on dialysis.
I'm tired all the time. Is there a treatment for fatigue?
Even healthy people complain of being tired. But people with CKD can be so exhausted that they fall asleep during the day—even after 8 to 10 hours of sleep at night. One reason for fatigue can be anemia, a shortage of oxygen-carrying red blood cells. People with CKD often have anemia because damaged kidneys make less of a hormone called erythropoietin (epoetin, or EPO). EPO signals the bone marrow to produce new red blood cells. Without a constant supply of new red blood cells, the body has less oxygen—so you are more tired, feel cold, can't concentrate, and are less able to fight disease. Untreated anemia can damage your heart, and heart disease is the leading cause of death for people with CKD. If your fatigue is due to anemia, your doctor may prescribe injections of a synthetic form of EPO.
How can I keep my kidneys working as long as possible?
There are a number of treatments, including medications and lifestyle changes, that may help keep your kidneys working longer. People can even get transplants before having dialysis, especially if they have a willing living donor. You need to ask your physician exactly what would help you.
Should I keep working?
Disability payments may sound like a pretty good deal, but most people find that disability pays much less than working—but your bills don't go away. Plus, once you get on disability, people worry about finding a job and risking losing their disability. So if you have CKD and you are working, try to keep your job if you can, or find a new one that fits better with your current situation. Work can make you feel like you're still you, even with kidney disease, and that you are still helping to support your family. Work may also be an important part of your social life. If your work offers health insurance, it may be easier for you to get good medical care and pay for medications. If you find that you feel too tired to work, see your doctor! Fatigue can be caused by anemia, which can be treated. Ask your employer if you need an accommodation—more breaks, a different shift time, or energy saving devices to keep your job.
What questions should I ask my doctor?
No two people are alike, so asking questions is the best way to find out about your health. You'll also find a few basic ideas below, and you can add your own. If you write your questions and show the list to your doctor, you may be more likely to get them answered. Write down the answers, too—or have a family member come along to help you remember the answers.
1. What percent of kidney function do I have now?
2. What is the cause of my kidney problem?
3. What are my lab test results right now?
4. What can I do to keep my kidneys working as long as possible?
5. What treatment is available for my symptoms? (List symptoms)
6. What are the next steps for my treatment?
7. Will I eventually need dialysis or a transplant, if so, how long might it be until I do?
20 bedded Cancer Care Unit
Cancer Chemotherapy
Cancer Pain Management
Fully equipped Kidney Care Unit
7 Bedded ICU
2 Haemodialysis Units, CAVHD, CVVHD
Peritoneal Dialysis, CAPD
Kidney Biopsy
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Oncology Department
Nephrology Department
Urology Department
Cancer Surgery
General Surgery
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Nature of Doctor is very helpful with patients as well as there relatives and facilities in hospital is also very good. Regarding other facilities like pharmacy and other test that is also available in this Hospital. Nature of working staff is also very helpful and they also take care of patient..
Mangesh Potbhare
One of the best clinical research site in Nagpur.Dr. J. Baraskar is an Eminent Researcher in the field of Oncology, very down to earth and very a good Human Being and of course a very fine Onco-surgeon.
Rashmi Ranjan Dash
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